Translated by Eka S. Chie
“We will strengthen the role of Indonesia in global and regional cooperation to build mutual understanding between civilizations, promote democracy and world peace, boost South-South development cooperation, and solve global problems that threaten mankind.”
- Joko Widodo, The President of Republic of Indonesia -
(Conveyed in G-20 Summit in China on 4th – 5th September 2016)
South-South and Triangular Cooperation had been around since 1960s, started from the establishment of G-77 (under UNCTAD) in 1967, Buenos Aires Action Plan of Action (BAPA) on Technical Cooperation Among Developing Countries (TCDC) in 1978, the establishment of Special Unit for TCDC (UNDP) and changed to Special Unit for South-South Cooperation (SSC) 1981, Paris Declaration 2005, The Accra Agenda 2008, Jakarta Commitment on Aid for Development Effectiveness 2009, South-South Cooperation Commemoration UNEP-Nairobi, and High Level Forum 2011, The overall agreements marked globally the important stages of development of South-South and Triangular Cooperation.
Indonesia as one of Non-Aligned Movement (GNB) initiator has been actively involved in efforts to help developing countries, whether through capacity-building assistance, dispatch of expertise, and equipment assistance since 1980s (at the time known as Technical Assistance). In order to facilitate coordination of “Technical Assistance” between Ministry/Institution (K/L), the Government issued Decree of the Cabinet Presidential No. 68 of 1981 on the Establishment of Coordinating Committee for Technical Cooperation Overseas (PPKTLN) with the Bureau of Technical Cooperation of Foreign Affairs as Secretariat (currently it is under the Cabinet Secretariat). Nowadays, common terminology used “the South-South and Triangular Cooperation” (KSST).