SSTC: A New Paradigm of International Development Cooperation
Wednesday, 21 September 2016 05:15

An interview with Dr Rizal Sukma, Indonesian Ambassador To The United Kingdom


In this Chapter, Rizal Sukma, Indonesian Ambassador to the United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland, and International Maritime organization (IMO) was sharing his perspective on Indonesia’s South-South and Triangular Cooperation (SSTC) during interview through video conference on 22nd July 2016 in Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia. Attending as interviewers were representatives of NCT of SSTC from Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of State Secretariat, and Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas of the Republic of Indonesia.

Talking about Indonesia’s SSTC programs, Rizal Sukma’s name is rarely mentioned although he is not a new actor in Indonesia’s international cooperation, especially within the context of SSTC. In 2014, he was involved in NCT’s study in collaboration with Centre for strategic and International studies (CSIS), and supported by Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) about the Policy Implementation and Funding Partnership strategy of SSTC.  The result of the study then became one of references to formulate the national Medium term development Plan (RPJMN) 2015-2019. He also contributed in the development of foreign politics policy, since he was in Jokowi’s presidential election team in charge for the issue. Other than that, Rizal Sukma had organized activities related to SSTC initiated by non-government parties. The ambassador was also actively involved in various activities of SSTC conducted by Ministry of Foreign Affairs. such as Bali democracy Forum (in cooperation with the Institute for Peace and democracy), and sharing knowledge on democracy with Egypt and Tunisia, as a prominent program in public diplomacy context. 

International Cooperation in Rizal Sukma's perspective

“Indonesia’s SSTC in its nomenclature is still considered as an instrument of public diplomacy. Is it only meant to escalate Indonesia’s image or does it have more strategic roles?”

The Indonesian intellectual who was once listed on the top 100 global thinkers by Foreign Policy Magazine believed that now is the time for international cooperation to be strategically regulated and managed. International development cooperation should not only be designed to escalate state image or international reputation, but is also expected to increase national economic status (as an economic diplomacy instrument); therefore conventional tools of diplomacy should be reduced or replaced with more relevant ones, aligned with national economic development and the current era. In this case, Ministry of Foreign Affairs is expected to have more strategic role in SSTC, as it has strong dimensional of international relations and strong awareness of historical framework to support international development agenda.


The role of non-state actors in South-South and Triangular Cooperation
Thursday, 03 March 2016 04:16

The second half of the twentieth century has evidenced the extraordinary advancement of numbers of international organizations. Now, scholars argue how globalization has influenced the interdependency of actors in international relations. Nation states do not hold a dominant role in international relations anymore, hence non-state actors raised to gain more and more importance in shaping interconnectivity between different actors of international relations. In international development cooperation, this trend has been observed for decades. Non-State Actors (NSA), namely international non-governmental organizations (INGOs), Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), private sectors including multinational corporations, and philanthropies have now evolved to show themselves as more influential actors. This essay aims to contribute to the discussions of how NSA may contribute to the enhancement of international development cooperation taking studies in Indonesia, particularly under the framework of South-South and Triangular Cooperation (SSTC). In doing so, this essay will examine the challenges and opportunities of the NSA’s role in advancing SSTC in Indonesia.


Thursday, 03 March 2016 04:14

It has been nearly three decades since the term ‘sustainable development’ and ‘sustainability’  had been used as popular mantra following the 1987 publication of the UN-sponsored World Commission on Environtment and Development (WCED) report, “Our Common Future”, widely known as Brundtland Report.  It defined sustainable development as “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”

Based on this definiton, sustainable development contains two key concepts:

  • the concept of needs, in particular the essential needs of the world's poor, to which overriding priority should be given; and
  • the idea of limitations imposed by the state of technology and social organization on the environment's ability to meet present and future needs."


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