The Role of the Ministry of State Secretariat in Implementing Vision and Mission of President On South-South Cooperation and Triangular
Wednesday, 04 January 2017 03:01

Translated by Eka S. Chie

“We will strengthen the role of Indonesia in global and regional cooperation to build mutual understanding between civilizations, promote democracy and world peace, boost South-South development cooperation, and solve global problems that threaten mankind.”

- Joko Widodo, The President of Republic of Indonesia -

(Conveyed in G-20 Summit in China on 4th – 5th September 2016)

South-South and Triangular Cooperation had been around since 1960s, started from the establishment of G-77 (under UNCTAD) in 1967, Buenos Aires Action Plan of Action (BAPA) on Technical Cooperation Among Developing Countries (TCDC) in 1978, the establishment of Special Unit for TCDC (UNDP) and changed to Special Unit for South-South Cooperation (SSC) 1981, Paris Declaration 2005, The Accra Agenda 2008, Jakarta Commitment on Aid for Development Effectiveness 2009, South-South Cooperation Commemoration UNEP-Nairobi, and High Level Forum 2011, The overall agreements marked globally the important stages of development of South-South and Triangular Cooperation.

 

Indonesia as one of Non-Aligned Movement (GNB) initiator has been actively involved in efforts to help developing countries, whether through capacity-building assistance, dispatch of expertise, and equipment assistance since 1980s (at the time known as Technical Assistance). In order to facilitate coordination of “Technical Assistance” between Ministry/Institution (K/L), the Government issued Decree of the Cabinet Presidential No. 68 of 1981 on the Establishment of Coordinating Committee for Technical Cooperation Overseas (PPKTLN) with the Bureau of Technical Cooperation of Foreign Affairs as Secretariat (currently it is under the Cabinet Secretariat). Nowadays, common terminology used “the South-South and Triangular Cooperation” (KSST).

Considering the important role of South-South and Technical Cooperation for Indonesia Economic Development, in line with the rising status of Indonesia become middle-income country and role of Indonesia in G-20, the government of Indonesia set South-South and Triangular Cooperation as one of National Priority in National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) in 2009-2014 and 2015-2019. The government of President Joko Widodo assign South-South Cooperation as one of the priority agenda in the field of foreign policy, listed in Nawa Cita “…strengthen the role of Indonesia in global and regional cooperation to build mutual understanding between civilizations, promote democracy and world peace, boost South-South Development Cooperation…” and “promote South-South and Triangular Cooperation as part of struggle to build international cooperation and global challenges that more just, equal and mutually beneficial.”

 

However, the implementation of Indonesia South-South and Triangular Cooperation considered as fragmented and sporadic. According to the consideration, through the Ministerial Decree of National Development Planning / Head of National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas) to form National Coordination Team on South-South and Triangular Cooperation (Tim Kornas KSST) consisting of 4 (four) Ministries as the main pillars: Ministry of National Development Planning (Bappenas), Ministry of State Secretariat (Kemensetneg), Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Kemenlu), and Ministry of Finance (Kemenkeu). The fourth ministries have the task of coordinating the implementation of technical cooperation within the framework of South-South Cooperation that is organized by the Government of Indonesia.

 

The structure of National Coordination Team on South-South and Triangular Cooperation is divided into three Working Group (WG). Working Group I is chaired by director of Technical Cooperation, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in charge of Capturing Demand, to identify the necessity of developing countries around the world; Working Group II is chaired by Director of Multilateral Foreign Funding, National Development Planning (Bappenas), in charge of Programming and Funding; Working Group III is chaired by Head of Bureau of Foreign Technical Cooperation (KTLN), Ministry of State Secretariat in charge of monitoring and evaluating, promoting and publishing, Information System and Knowledge Management.

 

The establishment of National Coordination Team on South-South and Triangular Cooperation as the effort to coordinate South-South and Triangular Cooperation (SSTC) activities properly, included the amount of assistance, data, events and data of alumni.

 

The role of Bureau of Foreign Technical Cooperation (KTLN), Ministry of State Secretariat as the chair of Working Group III, had been obtained various achievements including: International Training Program Evaluation Guidelines, Publishing Newsletter, Participation in the Asia Africa Conference (KAA) Exhibition 2015 and Publishing Annual reports 2014 and 2015 and Publication of Capacity flagship program in Knowledge Management.

 

Besides coordinating International Training Programs with related K/L, Ministry of State Secretariat also monitor and evaluate the implementation of training program. To carry this out in more systematic and comprehensive, Bureau of Foreign Technical Cooperation (KTLN) cooperate with Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) to build monitoring system and proper evaluation named “Guidelines for Monitoring and Evaluation Program in South-South and Triangular Cooperation Indonesia.” The system has become a reference  for K/L in implementing monitoring and evaluation of Indonesia’s International Training activities.

 

The publication distributes through print and electronic media. Print publications are regularly published by WG 3 is Newsletter, containing the result of the implementation of South-South and Triangular Cooperation programs and Annual Report of Indonesia South-South and Triangular Programs. Electronic publications distributed through website of isstc.setneg.go.id and the other related pages of Ministry/Institution (K/L).

 

Moreover, various international forums had been held exhibitions. Two major exhibitions that had been implemented were Indonesia South-South and Triangular Cooperation at the Asia African Summit 2015 and the Annual Meeting of IDB 2016. The exhibitions contained publication activities that had been implemented by National Coordination Team on South-south and Triangular Cooperation (Tim Kornas KSST) and K/L executor in the field of South-South and Triangular Cooperation. Booth of Indonesia South-South and Triangular Cooperation had provided visual aids such as batik tools, hand tractor, and hydroponic plants to add visual effects. In addition, there was a wish-list, where visitors from developing countries could write their interest in training areas.

 

In Knowledge Management, WG 3 had produced the print of Indonesia Experience Flagship Program in the field of: Poverty Reduction through Community Empowerment, Macroeconomic management, and Democracy. The other example is Annual Report of South-South and Triangular Cooperation Indonesia 2014 and 2015 (bilingual). The Annual Report aimed to recap substantively the knowledge on South-South and Triangular Cooperation Indonesia in order to being the reference for the future implementation program. Some programs and other innovative activities are the proposal to the Ministry of Finance to create a special budget line ceiling on South-South and Triangular Cooperation (SSTC) and Special Cost Standard (SBK) program KSST Indonesia including making rules facilitating export of equipment and ease of Indonesian products to other developing countries within the framework of SSTC.

 

As madated by RPJMN that focusing on economic gain, therefore in formulating SSTC’s programs more emphasis on programs that provide added value in the field of economics, such as: infrastructure capacity building program in East Timor, the vaccine management program for participants from member countries of OKI, livestock artificial insemination program for Timor-Leste and others.

 

“Collecting data and coordinating with entire K/L that implement SSTC program, include coordinating National Team Coordination is not easy. Required a high commitment to all members of National Coordination Team and the willingness of K/L, considering the establishment of an incentive mechanism for K/L has not been yet,” said Rika Kiswardani, the Head of Bureau Foreign Technical Cooperation, Ministry of State Secretariat.

 

“Bureau Foreign Technical Cooperation has the passion and commitment to maintain the momentum of implementation of SSTC Indonesia in accordance with the directives of the President and the mandate of RPJMN” She added.

 

“Through SSTC program expected, Indonesia could become the leader in Asia Pacific Region and active in advancing democracy and world civilization in accordance to the mandate of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)” said Dewo Broto Joko Putranto, Director of Foreign Politics and International Development Cooperation, Bappenas.

 

 

 

Bureau for Technical Cooperation

State Secretariat of__

the Republic of Indonesia__

Jl. Veteran III No. 9__

10110__

Jakarta__

Indonesia__

Ph. +62-21-3846463__

Fax +62-21-3866579__

email: indonesia.sstc@setneg.go.id__

http://isstc.setneg.go.id__