Advance Mission to Timor-Leste : ETRUS SYNCHRONIZATION PROGRAM
Wednesday, 02 March 2016 08:43

Since 2007 the Government of the Republic of Indonesia (GoI) has been giving technical assistance to Timor-Leste in the field of artificial insemination (AI). GoI has been cooperating with JICA in that particular area in the framework of triangular cooperation. Indonesia has expertise in artificial insemination and has proximity with Timor Leste so the transfer of technology from Indonesia to Timor-Leste is considered easier. While capacity building has been given by Indonesia to many participants from Timor-Leste, unfortunately the alumnies still struggle with the program implementation after their training program. There are some problems for the alumnies to practice  their knowledge becasue there is no AI facility in the country and the Timor-Leste Government places little priority in  training.


In order to support the President of the Republic of Indonesia’s commitment to increase the capacity of Timor-Leste government officials, the Ministry of State Secretariat of the Republic of Indonesia and Singosari Nasional Artificial Insemination Centre (SNAIC) cooperated to hold a series of training courses in the field of AI since 2014.  The cooperation will run for 3 (three) years from 2014 to 2016. Two batches had been implemented and participated by 8 participants each. Third batch will be different from the previous batches.  The program will be implementented in the form of Indonesia’s dispatch of experts to Timor-Leste. Indonesia will send 2-4 experts in the field of AI to Timor-Leste and will asssit training alumni on practical insemination.




AI has been introduced to many countries as a tool to improve livestock production.  Although AI has been widely used in many developing countries, inadequate infrastructure for the delivery of AI services such as high quality frozen semen and inadequate of skilled and well trained technicians have often resulted in poor result. The situation is further aggravated by unavailability of liquid nitrogen which resulted in slow adoption of AI technology in Timor-Leste since the country is unable to keep frozen semen to be used in AI program. Unavailability of liquid nitrogen is the biggest constraint for adoption of AI in Timor-Leste since the country is unable to keep frozen semen to be used in AI program.

The introduction of estrus synchronization will be the solution for the adoption of AI program in Timor-Leste. This method will optimize the use of time for AI program since cows will be synchronized to be artificially inseminated in a short period of time. This method also allows the country to produce calves at the same time so that increases the uniformity of calf crop.

Establishment of an appropriate breeding program is crucial to increase livestock production. To support a livestock development program and in order to improve the genetic of local cattle in the Democratic Republic of Timor Leste, the Government of Indonesia through Singosari National Artificial Insemination Centre (SNAIC) proposed a program called “Strengthening Artificial Insemination to Achieve Food Security in Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste through Estrus Synchronization”.

Estrus Synchronization is divided into 2 (two) steps. First step, Indonesian experts will be assigned to go to Timor-Leste to further identfy 200 cows selected by the Timor-Leste Government and the subjects of the technology. The Indonesian experts will working together with the alumnies to inseminate 200 cows separated in 4 regions. The Government of Indonesia will provide some materials/stuffs including frozen semen for this activity. Based on the time frame proposed by SNAIC, this step will be realized in the middle of February or in early March 2016 and has a duration of 15-20 days.

The second step is monitoring and evaluation of Estrus Synchronization that will be implemented in November 2016. Indonesian experts will make some field trips to the districts in order to monitor the process of cows’ birth as insemination results. The second step will measure the expected result of the Estrus Synchronized program.


Bureau for Technical Cooperation

State Secretariat of__

the Republic of Indonesia__

Jl. Veteran III No. 9__




Ph. +62-21-3846463__

Fax +62-21-3866579__

email: indonesia.sstc@setneg.go.id__